The group areas act introduced by the apartheid regime banished black south Africans to designated areas of southern Johannesburg.
Soweto is a city of contrasts: luxurious mansions across the road from tin shanties, green fields and streams around the corner from piles of garbage, the biggest public hospital in the world with the world’s highest HIV infection rate, and a friendliness and cheerfulness which disguises a high unemployment rate. Poverty, high unemployment, low education and housing are the biggest problems facing Soweto and education is the key to give the youth the opportunity to make a difference and create a new future.
15km from the centre of Johannesburg, Soweto comprises some 63 sq. km, and has an estimated population of over 3 million people.